Pollution in Durgapur – a major problem

Durgapur – the fastest growing city of eastern India is reeling under pollution. Pollution is probably the biggest hurdle in the growth of this steel city and the only fact of concern for a healthy living. Being an industrial hub, the pollution level in Durgapur is one of the highest in the country. Wheather it is air pollution or water pollution, the people of Durgapur is deprived of healthy living.

Presence of a large number of industries in Durgapur is the single biggest reason for the high level of pollution in this industrial town. Industrial pollution is the pollution which is directly linked with industry, in contrast to other pollution sources. This form of pollution is one of the leading causes of pollution worldwide. Environmental Protective Agency report estimates that up to 50% of the world’s pollution is caused by industry. Because of its size and scope, industrial pollution is a serious problem for the entire planet, especially in nations like India which are rapidly industrializing.

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Pollution by sponge iron plant in Durgapur

There are a number of forms of industrial pollution. One of the most common is water pollution, caused by dumping of industrial waste into waterways, or improper containment of waste, which causes leakage into groundwater and waterways. Industrial pollution can also impact air quality, and it can enter the soil, causing widespread environmental problems. Industrial pollution hurts the environment in a number of ways and negatively impacts human lives and health. Pollutants can kill animals and plants, imbalance ecosystems, degrade air quality radically, damage buildings, and generally degrade quality of life.

Factory workers of almost all the factories in Durgapur are highly vulnerable to this uncontrolled pollution. Areas of Durgapur, like Angadpur, Raturia, Kamalpur etc. where a number of industries (sponge iron and ferro-alloy) have sprung up in recent years are the worst polluted. Durgapur Project Limited, Durgapur Steel Plant, Alloy Steel Plant are the other major industries polluting the air and water of Durgapur in big way.

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Durgapur covered with green

Durgapur was once covered with forests. Even a few years ago, pollution was never a menace in Durgapur because of the cover of greenery all around. But the recent fast pace of urbanization in and around Durgapur has led to massive downsizing of the forest cover aiding in pollution. Indiscriminate cutting of trees and converting forests into dwelling places needs to be efficiently balanced with urbanization and industrialization to make Durgapur a better place to live in.

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3 Comments on Pollution in Durgapur – a major problem

  1. We should not concentrate all our efforts toward air pollution. We should also look towards soil pollution. I have seen people throwing garbage just outside their building perimeter. This not only makes the environment unhealthy but also leaves a wrong impression on our younger generation. Polythene bags and anything inside polythene bags do not decompose into soil and they not only pollute the environment but also make the environment ugly to look. We are in the 21st century at a critical time when India is getting recognition from the world. If we do not start to take correct action now, when should we take? In many cities there are separate dustbin for bio-degradable materials and other materials. Though this process is still to be implemented in Durgapur we can still do our bit by throwing the waste materials in the dustbin provided by DMC at the end of every street. If each one pledge to clean the surroundings of his or her home then the whole world will look cleaner.

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  2. Hundreds of small scale industries have set up units in Durgapur. They pay scant regard to environment pollution. State government should be very strict with violators. Industrial development is welcome but there should be compliance with environment norms. There is buzz word that these small plants don't operate ESPs to save electricity bills. A solution has to be devised.

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