Durgapur – the fastest growing city of eastern India is reeling under pollution. Pollution is probably the biggest hurdle in the growth of this steel city and the only fact of concern for a healthy living. Being an industrial hub, the pollution level in Durgapur is one of the highest in the country. Wheather it is air pollution or water pollution, the people of Durgapur is deprived of healthy living.
Presence of a large number of industries in Durgapur is the single biggest reason for the high level of pollution in this industrial town. Industrial pollution is the pollution which is directly linked with industry, in contrast to other pollution sources. This form of pollution is one of the leading causes of pollution worldwide. Environmental Protective Agency report estimates that up to 50% of the world’s pollution is caused by industry. Because of its size and scope, industrial pollution is a serious problem for the entire planet, especially in nations like India which are rapidly industrializing.
There are a number of forms of industrial pollution. One of the most common is water pollution, caused by dumping of industrial waste into waterways, or improper containment of waste, which causes leakage into groundwater and waterways. Industrial pollution can also impact air quality, and it can enter the soil, causing widespread environmental problems. Industrial pollution hurts the environment in a number of ways and negatively impacts human lives and health. Pollutants can kill animals and plants, imbalance ecosystems, degrade air quality radically, damage buildings, and generally degrade quality of life.
Factory workers of almost all the factories in Durgapur are highly vulnerable to this uncontrolled pollution. Areas of Durgapur, like Angadpur, Raturia, Kamalpur etc. where a number of industries (sponge iron and ferro-alloy) have sprung up in recent years are the worst polluted. Durgapur Project Limited, Durgapur Steel Plant, Alloy Steel Plant are the other major industries polluting the air and water of Durgapur in big way.
Durgapur was once covered with forests. Even a few years ago, pollution was never a menace in Durgapur because of the cover of greenery all around. But the recent fast pace of urbanization in and around Durgapur has led to massive downsizing of the forest cover aiding in pollution. Indiscriminate cutting of trees and converting forests into dwelling places needs to be efficiently balanced with urbanization and industrialization to make Durgapur a better place to live in.